Active transformation of Belorussky railway terminal square in recent years (pop-up retail liquidation, traffic scheme change, site improvement) required modernization of the whole complex which is one of the oldest areas in the capital center. Due to the potential increase of the passenger flow by 2030 the railway terminal will require an additional connection for the passenger traffic between the platforms and Belorussky railway terminal. This project is also an intrinsic part of Moscow Central Diameters (MCD) which connect cities in the vicinity of Moscow . Belorussky railway terminal connects two branches: MCD1 and MCD4 (Lobnia-Odintsovo and Koroliov –Aprelevka respectively). The architects of APEX Project Bureau (which was involved in such experience of linear transport facilities design for the first time) have been invited to solve this issue.
Belorussky railway terminal
7 253 m2
There are a few factors which are both complex and interesting. Among them is the location of the facility in a confined area, presence of architectural monuments (the building of Belorussky railway terminal and recently found cultural heritage site – residential house of Shipping Company of Moscow-Volga channel and Moscow railway fly over of 1904), the necessity of logistics accounting for Belorussky railway terminal (safety, traffic of handicapped passengers, potential expansion of traffic directions).
These issues will be solved by the construction of an entrance lobby with one underground and one ground floor. Transfer to the platforms will be provided under railways with the exit to the platforms with the designed modern weather shelters. To avoid visual dissonance with the surrounding buildings the visual elements of the building will be performed in a light and minimalistic manner.
This idea resulted in the construction of a glass pavilion which looks as if dissolved in the confined inner area of Belorussky railway terminal. Aluminum canopy makes it look bright and dynamic. The platforms are designed with weather shelters made from metric alumel sheets. Supporting pillars of the canopies are glazed to create a single look with the main building of the designed lobby.
By means of the offered solutions, platforms became more ergonomically connected from the point of view of the passenger traffic, the number of “windows” in trains schedule was optimized, the construction area and the construction influence on the trains traffic were minimized, which respectively resulted in the lack of the necessity to rent the land for construction behind the railroad precinct.