Located on the Taras Shevchenko embankment, the multi-functional facilities on the site of the former Badaevsky brewery is definitely intended to become one of the most significant events not only in the world of Moscow architecture, but also among foreign architects. The project, sponsored by the Swiss bureau Herzog & de Meuron (2001 Pritzker Prize winners), together with the general designer - APEX Design Bureau, claims the emergence of an entirely new typology of housing and the principle of working with cultural heritage.
Established in 1885 and operated until 2005, the factory designed by the architects Weber and Klein, was in desolation for the past several years, until restaurants, cafes and clubs have started appearing in historical buildings, cultural heritage sites. However, in the next 5 years the factory will experience another significant transformation: new residential, office and public areas will be added to the preserved historic buildings with an actively developed public function.
Multifunctional Complex on the site of the Badaevsky Brewery
Concept monitoring and development, restoration project, PD, DD
Herzog & de Meuron
It was decided to bypass the historic buildings covering almost half of the building's construction patches with an elegant "ribbon", not only in the ground level, but also in the vertical plane: to preserve the view on the historical development of the Badaevsky Factory from the side of the embankment. Thus, the vast part of the buildings was raised by 35 meters, providing residents of the upper floors with spectacular views of the Moscow City and the "Ukraine” hotel.
However, it is this “rise” of the buildings that caused the greatest difficulties in the detailed elaboration of the project: Swiss colleagues and APEX specialists developed together unique technical solutions that made it possible to implement the concept in its original form. This also applies to fire safety requirements, where as part of development of special technical specifications unique elements have been applied: external staircases and elevators entirely made in a glass box. In terms of constructive solutions, it is planned to use unique effective heaters to achieve the most light and airy shape of the upper hull; as well as engineering, insolation standards and protection of cultural heritage sites, for the development of which specialized research institutes have been involved.
Speaking about the functional zoning of the facilities, it can be noted that the historical buildings of the factory will largely retain its social function: after careful restoration, restaurants, cafes, grocery stores, fitness center, children's leisure center, historic brewery and public baths will appear there. The "ribbon" for the most part contains residential premises- flats and apartments as well as 9 individual villas. A three-level underground parking will be located under the new constructions as well as under the landscaped courtyard.
The contrast of the materials used - dark brick facades of historic buildings and air tops - is achieved through the use of a large amount of glass in the new construction with balconies coated with marble, and the bottom of the floating structure and with metal sheets reflecting everything that happens in the ground level.
Special attention is given to constructive and engineering solutions. So, to simplify the design of the ribbon, the overlapping with the void former is used, and the columns supporting it, despite the seeming ease, are fixed in the parking level with rigid fittings, and piercing up the ribbon up to the third floor, thus avoiding additional diaphragms of rigidity.
All engineering solutions are aimed at creating the most comfortable and individually controlled microclimate. The facility uses a combined system of heating and ventilation, air inflow is supported through the converter grids located in the floor, and the supply air ducts are placed in the floor cake. Since the facility has private villas on the upper floors, it was required to hide all engineering communications as much as possible, which was achieved by placing them in the structure of the building.
The design envisages both the improvement of the Taras Shevchenko embankment and the inner courtyard of the facility - a boulevard along the front of historical buildings will be arranged where terraces of summer cafes and restaurants located on the ground floors can be placed. The considerable height of the overhanging part allows planting trees up to 15 meters high there, without fear of lack of insolation.